Who Is Jesus

Jesus
Published

Mon, December 12, 2022

Modified

Fri, January 06, 2023


The Lord Jesus Christ

Who is Jesus?

  • The Word
  • Was / Is God
John 1:1

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

  • Was With God in the Beginning
John 1:2

2 He was with God in the beginning.

  • Creator and Maintainer of All Things
John 1:3

3 Through Him all things were made, and without Him nothing was made that has been made.

Colossians 1:16-17

16 For in Him all things were created, things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities. All things were created through Him and for Him.
17 He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.

  • Life
  • Light
John 1:4

4 In Him was life, and that life was the light of men.

  • Born Into Humanity
  • Lived Among Humanity
John 1:14

14 The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.

  • Appointed Heir of All Things by God the Father
Hebrews 1:2

2 But in these lasts days He has spoken to us by His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, and through whom He made the universe.

  • The Radiance of God’s Glory
  • The Exact Representation of God’s Nature
  • Upholder of All Things by His Powerful Word
  • Provides Purification for Sins
  • Now Sits at the Right Hand of God in Heaven
Hebrews 1:3

3 The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of His nature, upholding all things by His powerful word. After He had provided purification for sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high.

  • Declared to be God’s Son by God Himself
Matthew 3:16-17

16 As soon as Jesus was baptized, He went up out of the water. Suddenly the heavens were opened, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and resting on Him.
17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased!”

Other Things the Bible Reveals About Jesus Christ

  • While Being God, Chose to Obey God and Become Man to Die For All Men
Philippians 2:6-8

6 Who, existing in the form of God, did not consider equality wit hGod something to be grasped,
7 but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant being made in human likeness.
8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to death – even death on a cross.

John 17:4-5

4 I have glorified You on earth by accomplishing the work You gave Me to do.
5 And now, Father, glorify Me in Your presence with the glory I had with You before the world existed.

How Did Jesus Come Into The World?

Isaiah 7:14

14 Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign. Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel [God With Us].

Isaiah 9:6-7

6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given, and the government will be upon His shoulders. And He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
7 Of the increase of His government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish and sustain it with justice and righteousness from that time and forever more. The zeal of the Lord of Hosts will accomplish this.

Matthew 1:18-23

18 This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged in marriage to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.
19 …
20 … an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to embrace Mary as your wife, for the One conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.”
21 She will give birth to a Son, and you are to give Him the name Jesus, because He will save His people from their sins.
22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:
23 Behold, the virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call Him Immanuel (which means, “God With Us”).

Luke 1:26-33

26 In the sixth month, God sent the angel Gabriel to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,
27 to a virgin pledged in marriage to a man named Joseph, who was of the house of David. And the virgin’s name was Mary.
28 The angel appeared to her and said, “Greeting, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.”
29 Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be.
30 So the angel told her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.
31 Behold, you will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to give Him the name Jesus.
32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David,
33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever. His kingdom will never end!”

How Could Mary, a Virgin, Give Birth?

Luke 1:34-35

34 “How can this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”
35 The angel replied, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the Holy One to be born will be called the Son of God.”

Matthew 1:20

20 But after he had pondered these things, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to embrace Mary as your wife, for the One conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.”

Where Was Jesus Born?

MIcah 5:2

2 But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come forth for Me One to be ruler over Israel – One whose origins are of old, from the days of eternity.

Luke 2:4-6

4 So Joseph also went up from Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to the city of David called Bethlehem, since he was from the house and line of David.
5 He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to him in marriage and was expecting a child.
6 While they were there, the time came for her Child to be born.

Why Was He Named “Jesus”?

Matthew 1:21

21 She will give birth to a Son, and you are to give Him the name Jesus, because He will save His people from their sins.

1 Timothy 1:15

15 This is a trustworthy saying, worthy of full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am the worst.

Why Is Jesus Sometimes called “Christ”?

John 4:25-26

25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When He comes, He will explain everything to us.”
26 Jesus answered, “I who speak to you am He.”

Matthew 15:15-16

15 “But what about you?” Jesus asked. “Who do you say I am?”
16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

John 11:27

27 “Yes, Lord,” she answered, “I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.”

“Christ” is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Messiah”. Both words mean “the Anointed One”

Was Jesus Truly Human As We Are?

Hebrews 2:17

17 For this reason He had to be made like His brothers in every way, so that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, in order to make atonement for the sins of the people.

Hebrews 4:14-15

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to what we profess.
15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who was tempted in every way that we are, yet was without sin.

1 Peter 2:22-23

22 He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in His mouth.
23 When they heaped abuse on Him, He did not retaliate; when He suffered, He made no threats, but entrusted Himself to Him who judges justly.

What Did Jesus Do While Here On Earth?

  • Teaching
  • Preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom
  • Healing Every Disease and Sickness
Matthew 9:35

35 Jesus went through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every disease and sickness.

  • Gave Sight to the Blind
  • Made the Lame Walk
  • Cleansed Lepers
  • Opened Deaf Ears
  • Raised the Dead
  • Preached the Good News [Gospel] to the Poor
Matthew 11:5

5 The blind receive sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor.

  • Cast Out Demons
Luke 4:41

41 Demons also came out of many people, shouting, “You are the Son of God!” But He rebuked the demons and would not allow them to speak, because they knew He was the Christ.

Question

Isn’t it interesting that many people have a difficult time believing that Jesus is the Son of God and God’s Anointed One [Messiah / Christ = ‘Anointed One’], yet the demons from hell knew it?

  • Forgives Sins
Luke 7:48

48 Then Jesus said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”

What Are Some Common Reactions To Jesus and His Ministry?

  • Astonishment
Mark 7:37

37 The people were utterly astonished and said, “He has done all things well! He makes even the deaf hear and the mute speak!”

  • Many Believed
John 2:23

23 While He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw the signs He was doing and believed in His name.

  • Hidden Believers Due to Fear of Religious Leaders
John 12:42

42 Nevertheless, many of the leaders believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they did not confess Him, for fear that they would be put out of the synagogue.

Did Everyone Who Witnessed Jesus’ Miracles Believe?

John 6:42

42 They were asking, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then can He say, ‘I have come down from heaven?’”

Matthew 26:42-46

42 A second time He went away and prayed, “My Father, if this cup cannot pass unless I drink it, may Your will be done.”
43 And again Jesus returned and found them [the disciples] sleeping – for their eyes were heavy.
44 So He left them and went away once more and prayed a third time, saying the same thing.
45 Then He returned to the disciples and said, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Look, the hour is near, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
46 Rise, let us go! See, My betrayer is approaching.”

Matthew 27:18

18 For He knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to him.

Did Anyone Find A Good Reason to Condemn Jesus to Death?

  • No. They knew they were condemning an innocent man.
Matthew 26:59-60

59 Now the chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were seeking false testimony against Jesus in order to put Him to death.
60 But they did not find any, though many false witnesses came forward.

John 19:4

4 Once again Pilate came out and said to the Jews, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against Him.”

Then Why Did Pilate Have Jesus Put To Death?

John 19:12

12 From then on, Pilate tried to release Him, but the Jews kept shouting, “If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who declares himself a king is defying Caesar.”

Matthew 27:24

24 When Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but that instead a riot was breaking out, he took water and washed his hands before the crowd, “I am innocent of this man’s blood,” he said. “You bear the responsibility.”

How Did Jesus Die?

Matthew 27:27-31, 37

27 Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole company around Him.
28 They stripped Him and put a scarlet robe on Him.
29 And they twisted together a crown of thorns and set it on His head. They put a staff in His right hand and knelt down before Him to mock Him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”
30 Then they spit on Him and took the staff and struck Him on the head repeatedly.
31 After they had mocked Him, they removed the robe and put His own clothes back on Him. Then they led Him away to crucify Him.

37 Above His head they posted the written charge against Him: This is Jesus, The King of the Jews.

Luke 23:44-46

44 It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness came over all the land until the ninth hour.
45 The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn down the middle.
46 Then Jesus called out in a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I commit My Spirit.” And when He had said this, He breathed His last.

What Happened to Jesus’ Body After His Death?

John 19:38-40

38 Afterward, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus (but secretly for fear of the Jews), asked Pilate to let him remove the body of Jesus. Pilate gave him permission, so he came and removed His body.
39 Nicodemus, who had previously come to Jesus at night, also brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.
40 So they took the body of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, according to the Jewish burial custom.

Matthew 27:59-60

59 So Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,
60 and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut into the rock. Then he rolled a great stone across the entrance to the tomb and went away.

Did Jesus’ Body Stay in the Grave?

Matthew 28:1-6

1 After the Sabbath, at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb.
2 Suddenly there was a great earthquake, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, rolled away the stone, and sat on it.
3 His appearance was like lightning, and his clothes were white as snow.
4 The guards trembled in fear of him and became like dead men.
5 But the angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified.
6 He is not here; He has risen, just as He said! Come, see the place where He lay.”

1 Corinthians 15:3-6

3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,
4 that He was buried, that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,
5 and that He appeared to Cephas [Peter] and then to the Twelve.
6 After that, He appeared to more than five hundred brothers at once, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.

If Jesus Was Sinless, Why Did He Have to Die?

  • Jesus Willingly Accepted God’s Charge to Come and Die In Our Place
John 10:14, 18

14 I am the good shepherd. I know My sheep and My sheep know Me.

18 No one takes it [My life] from Me, but I lay it down of My own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from My Father.

John 14:31

31 But I do exactly what the Father has commanded Me, so that the world may know that I love the Father. Get up! Let us go on from here.

  • Jesus’ Death Paid The Penalty of Our Sin
  • Through His death, We Can Receive God’s Gift of Eternal Life
Romans 6:23

23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

  • Jesus’ Death Proves God’s Love For Us
Romans 5:8

8 But God proves His live for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

John 3:16

16 For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that everyone who believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.

What Did Jesus Do After His Resurrection From the Dead?

Acts 1:3

3 After His suffering, He presented Himself to them with many convincing proofs that He was alive. He appeared to them over a span of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of God.

1 Corinthians 15:6

6 After that, He appeared to more than five hundred brothers at once, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.

Matthew 28:18-20

18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me.
19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit,
20 and teaching them to obey all that I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, even to the end of the age.”

What Did Jesus Do After the 40 Days?

Mark 16:19

19 After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.

Luke 24:51

51 While He was blessing them, He left them and was carried up into heaven.

Ephesians 1:20-22

20 which He exerted in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly realms,
21 far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in the present age but also in the one to come.
22 And God put everything under His feet and made Him head over everything for the church,

Is Jesus Coming Again?

John 14:2-3

2 In My Father’s house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you?
3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and welcome you into My presence, so that you also may be where I am.

Acts 1:10-11

10 They were looking intently into the sky as He was going, when suddenly two men dressed in white stood beside them.
11 “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen Him go into heaven.”